Baker’s percentage! Maths! Excel!

So baker percentage is an easy way to see your baking ratio – that is except for math illiterates like me but King Arthur flour has a good math website. The WildYeast website also has even a four-part tutorial if you want to go a bit deeper. The ratio is flour based so water, salt and starter are in percentage of flour. Which makes sense really as flour is always the main ingredient. For example –

No knead rosemary polenta bread.

percentage % grams ingredient
100 800 bread flour
41.88 335 water
15 120 starter
2.75 22 salt
22.5 180 cooked polenta
12.5 100 milk

No knead work loaf.

percentage grams ingredient
100% 450 bread flour
50% 225 water
22.22% 100 starter
2.22% 10 salt

Are baker percentage intrinsic to baking bread? No, but they are great if you want to quickly and precisely calculate batches and ingredients. There is a really long discussion with lots of comment on the fresh loaf about this (it does get wonky and even a little snippy). The weekend bakery also has a dough calculator to make it easy for you.

Another use for baker percentage is too quickly and easily compare recipes by its ingredients. For example, what is the best hydration for a plain boule to get the best crumb? I have tested 70% all the way down to 45% water to flour ratio. Ie from my excel workbook –

percentage grams ingredient
highest hydration
100 450 bread flour
65 292.5 water
25 112.5 starter
2.25 10.12 salt
medium hydration
100 450 bread flour
58 262 water
25 112.5 starter
2.25 10.12 salt
driest hydration
100 450 bread flour
55 262 water
25 247.5 starter
2.25 10.12 salt

I found that for the best hydration ration is around 50%-60%. Over 60% the boule doesn’t keep its shape is more ciabatta. Under 55% you don’t really get an\y nice bubbly holes.  It is easy too quickly draw up a table and easy to set up on an excel workbook.

Anyways you don’t have to use it but it is a helpful tool for bread making and general baking because both rely so much on precise ratios.

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Summer Break

Sorry, have not been baking any bread, been a bit on a summer break. The starter has been the fridge and sleeping for the last month.

An excellent way to store your starter is to feed it well with flour and water give it a stir. Leave it a couple of hours at room temperature before putting in the fridge. Your starter should be fine for at least a week. I have left very well feed starter in the fridge for 3 weeks. If you are planning not to bake for a really really really long time you can also freeze it.  Just put the starter in a jar and in the freezer.  I have some emergency starter in the freezer at all time in case the worst should happen. To restart your starter from the freezer, it takes a little coaxing to wake up. Leave it to thaw and then feed it well.

Anyways will be back soon though!

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No knead olive bread

Sorry been a little lazy with posting, have been taking full advantage of the lovelier summer. This has included fruit and veg picking in the country side, going to lavender fields, growing avocados, and some flying trapeze as well as just sitting in sun in a pub garden.

But here is the no knead version of my precious olive bread recipe.

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Came out very well with a nice crumb. The bit of red is because I use the Waitrose stuffed green olive but you can use normal black or green olives.

Ingredients:

  • 400 g whole grain bread flour
  • 500 g white bread flour
  • 500 g water
  • 200 g starter
  • 115 g olives
  • 25 g olive brine
  • 50 g olive oil
  • 20 g of salt

recipe:

  1. mix the water and flour slowly until just incorporated – Autolyse for 1 hour
  2. Add starter +salt +olives + olive oil, let it rest for 10 min
  3. Fold 6 times every 20 min. When folding use olive oil on your hands not only moisturise the hands but also keeps the dough from sticking.
  4. 1st rise – oil the bowl, or use a clean to well
  5. Folding and proofing – divide the dough in two and shape two balls. Let it proof for about 20 hours in the fridge.
  6. Final bulk rise – take out the dough out of the fridge and at room temperature for about 2 hours. Preheat the oven at 260C˚ the Dutch Oven(I have a Le Creuset pot).
  7. Slash the top and Bake at 260C˚ for about 20mins with the lid on. Lower the temperature to 190C˚ for another 30min.
  8. Take it out of the oven and let cool for a couple hours.

Cha- cha cha lla llallah 🎶

This is a bit of a through back to last year when I did challah. it was interesting…. the shape had not kept. It was a tasty blob. Dare I say I think my bread skills has been improving since I started this blog.

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Challah has such a deep history that I absolutely love and there is so much variation to the recipe. Safron and other spices can be found in some parts of the world. Not being part of that faith of tradition I still love it. This recipe is quirky as it uses coconut oil, whereas vegetable or olive oil would be more the traditional oils you would find. I love coconut oil vs other types of oil in the kitchen. It has a great advantage over other oils like a high smoke point. For example again super not tradition but for Yorkshire it is amazing. In my Christmas dinner taste test it won against olive and vegetable oil.

Another slightly atypical ingredient is sugar. I think it is more traditional to just use honey. The only reason I have used sugar is that I now have loads of citrus sugar from doing candied sugar. It is really lovely as small little pieces of candied citrus chunks that sometimes pops up in the challah.

I like having challah for breakfast which again ignores its history totally of being a Jewish holiday bread which absolutely intricate to the ceremony of it which really amazing. I love the dictum set to how to cook and company and you can find loads of article on that. It is very much the simpler less gourmandise version of brioche. I love brioche but it can somewhat rich if you are having for breakfast, a bit too much a sugary treat to start your day.

This makes quite a big braided chunk which can be made into delicious french toast.IMG_7874

I pretty much got my recipe from Bk17 Bakery’s challah recipe. The recipe also gives you the option of adding a tahini filling which looks amazing. There is also challah chocolate tahini recipe from 600 acres, which again looks amazing. Traditional middle east spices like cardamon and saffron can also be added. Sourdough home also has an excellent recipe post on sourdough challah with a bit of way traditional challah can’t use milk and a bit more what is kosher which is really interesting. For the ever important braiding, there are loads of youtube tutorials. There is even one with colour coded strands.

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Troubleshooting tip- hydration matters. Don’t use flour on your surface when you are braiding as this will dry out the dough too much. If your dough is too dry the braids will crack. If it is too wet it won’t keep it shapes.

Quick note – your starter should have been feed around 4-6 hour prior and should be really active and bubbly.

Ingredients:

  • 280 g sourdough starter, really bubbly and active
  • 175 g water
  • 35g sugar
  • 20 g honey
  • 40 g  coconut oil
  • 2 large eggs + 3 yolks
  • 15 g sea salt
  • 375 g all-purpose flour
  • 375 g white bread flour

EGG WASH:

  • 1 egg yolk
  • Dash of water
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • sesame, poppy, or nigella seeds and/or coarse sugar like palm sugar (optional)

Recipe

  1. In a large bowl mix well starter + water + honey + sugar +oil +eggs + salt.
  2. slowly + flour until a sticky wet ball of dough is formed.
  3. knead in the bowl for about 5 min, it should be a smoother ball of dough.
  4. Lightly oil the ball of dough in the bowl.
  5. Proof until the dough doubles in sizes, about 6 hours.
  6. Now the tricky, choose how many strands you want. I like having 6 braid challah. So separate your dough into 6 equal parts. Form a strand by rolling with your hand. The thinner it is the longer your challah will be and make sure that they are all uniform. Once you have 6 strands braid them.
  7. Place the uncooked challah on a cooking tray for the final proof, about 1 hour.
  8. Preheat your oven to 195Cº
  9. prepare your egg wash by combining +yolk+water+honey.
  10. and gently brush the egg wash on.
  11. Sprinkle your topping of sesame, nigella, palm sugar or whatever you want
  12. Cook for 35-40min until the top of the challah is a deep brown.

Quinoa sourdough no knead

I found a new game for my leftover cooked grains called “does it sourdough?” and yes, quinoa is lovely in sourdough.

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Next stop is going to be couscous I think, alway cook too much of the stuff. Ohh with maybe tahini?…. Anyways.

Recipe notes – I also been adding a bit of milk with the dough for the last couple of loaves. A couple people that I know don’t like sourdough because they feel it is too “chewy”. I slightly understand what they mean. Sourdough compared to supermarket normal sliced white loaves can have a bit more chew to them. I have observed though adding a bit of milk really soften the crumb of the bread. This loaf recipe is also on the more liquid side, which at the moment I am favouring. As you can see below. It is a bit harder for it to properly shape it just slightly slumps.
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Adding thyme would have been a nice touch but I killed my thyme plant within a week of buying one. But still hopeful it is just in very deep hibernation will miraculously resurect (after all Easter Monday is coming up). But anyways no thyme at the moment.

And finally I made one huge Bannaton, so if you are making two medium boules adjust the baking time.

Ingredients

  • 350g water
  • 22g salt
  • 160g starter
  • 500g white bread flour
  • 250g wholemeal bread flour
  • 70g milk
  • 250g cooked quinoa

Recipe

  1. In a small cup add 22g of hot water and dissolve the salt. Leave to cool.
  2. In a large bowl add water + milk+ the starter and mix to dissolve.
  3. + add all the flour + quinoa+ the now tepid 22g salt water 
  4. Mix until combined
  5. Cover with a plastic freezer bag and leave in the fridge for 20 hours.
  6. Scoop out your dough on a clean floured surface and shape your dough and put it in a bread proofing basket.
  7.  And leave the dough at room temperature for another 2 hours. Preheat the oven at 260C˚ with the Dutch Oven inside. Leave the dutch oven for a least 30 min at 260C˚.
  8. Slash the top and Bake at 260C˚ for about 45mins with the lid on. Take off the lid and lower the temperature to 230C˚ for another 20min.
  9. Take it out of the oven and let cool for an hour.

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Sourdough Brioche 2017- que ce que ça cloche!

Brioche time. Brioche is basically super rich bread with eggs and butter. Sourdough brioches are pretty to easy to make but they do require time and patience. This recipe is not too sweet as it uses honey. You can use 35 grammes of sugar instead.  The inspiration for the recipe is from here and here.

I haven’t made brioche since last year. Last year I used orange sugar which I think was a nice touch and really the only redeeming feature of the brioches that I made. Looking back on the post there has definitely been great strides and progress made in 1 year.

brioche1

This year brioches are definitely looking a lot better and are much fluffier and just much more brioche-y.

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This recipe’s use of butter is definitely reminiscent of the chef Gary Rhodes whose oft-repeated phrase is add another spoon of butter.

Eggwash notes: I used the egg white and milk for convenience since the recipe calls for one yolk. But if you want a different effect on the brioche you can go to epicurious or cooksinfo website that really get into the ins and out of all the different types of eggwash.

 

 

Ingredients

  • 230g bread flour
  • 270g all purpose flour
  • 50g honey
  • 10g salt
  • 3 + 1yolk eggs
  • 250g starter
  • 300g room temperature butter
  • 200g milk
  • 1/2 zest of lemon

Recipe

  1. Cut the butter in small 1cm pieces and leave out to soften
  2. Mix all ingredient in a bowl except the butter –  milk + lemon zest +honey+ eggs+ flour + starter. Keep the egg white from the 4th egg as you will use it later for the egg wash
  3. Mix well, let it rest for 15min and mix well again.
  4. +butter. Mix gently until all the butter is incorporated. You should massage it in but I ended up mixing it in the kitchen aid and it seem to be alright. The dough should have a nice shine to it.
  5. Put in a covered container and leave in the fridge to rise for 24 hours.
  6. On a lightly floured surface shape the dough and in your baking tins.
  7. Final rise should be at room temperature for 3 hours.IMG_6616IMG_6619
  8. preheat the oven at 215Cº.
  9. prepare the egg wash 3 tablespoons of milk + egg white and mix vigorously.
  10. gently brush the egg wash on the brioche dough.
  11. Bake for 25min for medium shape brioche, until the top are nice and golden brown.brioche raising

Tadah!

brioch 2

No knead rosemary polenta bread

Gotten slightly obsessed with polenta this week for some reason. Maybe its spring and the weather turning around, and polenta is light but comforting. Anyways the perfectloaf, which is a fantastic and beautiful​ little website, has the most amazing but slightly intimidating bread recipes. I took inspiration from its great rosemary and polenta bread post. They also have a great pizza dough recipe that looks marvellous​​ but bit too complicated for me at the moment.

Anyways had some leftover polenta for dinner and guessed what happens to leftover/ food going off? Bread time!

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It’s not bad, quite enjoyed it toasted​ with a bit of butter and blackberry jam. Decent​ airy-ness as well as good crumb and texture.

Quick note – this recipe uses cooked polenta. Here is Felicity Cloaks polenta recipe as part of her how to make the perfect…. column. I am not going to lie to you, polenta is a bit of a faff to cook. I have used uncooked polenta in the past to bake bread, but I think the polenta doesn’t quite cook through. The bread ends up a bit gritty from what I remember.

Recipe makes 2 medium boules

Ingredients

  • 550g white bread flour
  • 250g wholemeal flour
  • 335g water
  • 120g starter
  • 22g salt
  • 180 g cooked polenta
  • 100g milk
  • handful rosemary

Recipe

  1. In a small cup add 10g of hot water and dissolve the salt. Leave to cool.
  2. In a large bowl add water + milk+ the starter and mix to dissolve.
  3. + add all the flour + polenta+ rosemary+ the now tepid 10g salt water 
  4. Mix until combined
  5. Cover with a plastic freezer bag and leave in the fridge for 20 hours.
  6. Scoop out your dough on a clean floured surface and shape your dough. With the seams bottom down, push and rotate your shaped dough to really close the seams.
  7.  And leave the dough at room temperature for another 2 hours. Preheat the oven at 260C˚ with the Dutch Oven inside. Leave the dutch oven for a least 30 min at 260C˚.
  8. Slash the top and Bake at 260C˚ for about 35mins with the lid on. Take off the lid and lower the temperature to 230C˚ for another 15min.
  9. Take it out of the oven and let cool for an hour.

Bons Bake!IMG_6480